We advise our clients on all aspects of intellectual property protection issues. In addition to patent law counseling, we provide our clients with advice on utility patent, trademark and design law and answer any questions you may have on employee invention laws and ownership rights. Prior to submitting an industrial property application, or in preparation for responding to an Office action rejection, or ahead of nullity proceedings, we handle all of the necessary research. We also protect your IP rights from infringement and evaluate whether you may be violating the rights of others by drafting Freedom to Operate analyses. Our wide range of IP services includes advice on licensing, research collaboration, and co-development agreements. Entrusting us with your intellectual property work means you have a competent, experienced partner at your side. We will work closely together with you to build a customized strategy for the protection of your innovations. A broad international network of experienced colleagues allows us to represent your legal interests globally.
Physics deal specifically with matter and energy and how they interact with each other in space and time. This science makes it possible to create models based on experimental findings. Using these starting conditions, it is possible to predict how a system will function, making physics a fundamental science for technical disciplines that apply physical methods.
Mechanical engineering is about the development, design, and manufacturing of different kinds of equipment such as motors, turbines, pumps, compressors, machine tools, and conveying systems. This discipline is the basis for vehicle engineering and for aerospace engineering. Plant construction engineering manages the results of the mechanical engineering process, effectively making it possible to run technical manufacturing. It involves combining individual components to work in synergy, performing a manufacturing process. For the components to work together perfectly, exact knowledge of the unit operations, closely interlinked in the process, is required. The right measuring and control engineering concept along with manufacturing materials scheduling, recycling and waste management are also part of the planning process.
This engineering field deals primarily with so-called manufacturing processes along with the tooling machines and tools required for production. Workpiece shape design drawings detail dimensions with permissible tolerances and surface finish specifications. A further aspect is, in addition to the measuring technology required for workpiece quality assurance, production organization, particularly important when planning for mass production.
Mechanics is largely defined as the application of physical principles to technical systems, particularly on solid objects, to determine how forces work within and on the objects, which means it can be used in the fields of mechanical engineering and statics, important fields when it comes to calculating dimensions for building components and load bearing structures as well when choosing materials. In addition to material strength and static calculations, dynamic processes, such as solid-state kinetics, play an important role.
Process engineering is used in all of those technical processes during which gas, liquid, or solid properties (for example composition, physical state, or rheological behavior) change under load. It uses, in addition to physics, chemical and biological processes to produce chemical substances such as, for example, during sulfuric acid synthesis, as well as to further process existing substances, for instance during emulsification.
Mechanical process engineering is the discipline that deals with material property transformation caused by mechanical effects. This type of engineering includes various types of unit operations such as crushing, mixing, and stirring, separation by sieving, or, alternatively, creating substances by mixing, as well as through material storage, conveyance and dosing. Connected to this topic are respective measuring methods for particle size analysis, rheology property determination, either for dispersed systems or for bulk material flow behavior.
This branch of engineering deals with all of the equipment, from stirrers to rotor-stator dispersers such as the so-called toothed-disc dispersing machines or colloid mills to high-pressure homogenizers, that make it possible for drops of one liquid to be distributed in another and fragmented. The liquids remain immiscible, never forming a homogenous mixture. During emulsification, phase transitions can be either useful, such as in melt emulsification, or should sometimes be avoided such as cavitation. Emulsion formulation engineering uses measurement methods to determine droplet size distribution as well as the fluid systems’ rheological behavior and flow simulations in order to, for example, develop optimum nozzle geometry.
Food process engineering belongs to the field of life sciences and involves industrial processing of materials of plant or animal origin into food. It can converge with the cosmetic, the pharmaceutical, the biotech industries, or in the agricultural engineering sector. It includes processes such as emulsification and dispersing, agglomeration, drying, and extrusion.
Measuring and control technology helps to manage technical processes. It makes it possible to gather data on the manufactured item such as tension, length, product mass, strength, and pressure along with pH value, temperature or production time, flow behavior such as viscosity as well as particle size in a fluid system or flow rates and volumetric flows.
In order to use the data collected from all of these sources for production process control purposes, it is then converted to electrical signals. Measuring technology deals with developing various types of measuring methods as well as measuring devices.
Using technical methods and research findings, medical technology deals in particular with the challenges that arise during the diagnosis and therapy processes. This area of technology ranges from medical electrical equipment, orthopedic implants, active implantable medical devices, and medical product packaging to clean room technology and contamination control.